Linux file system layout

A summary of the Linux filesystem – very basic but hopefully useful as a look-up for new users:
Directory Description
/ Root directory
/bin Binary executables
/boot Linux kernel and boot manager files
/dev Devices attached to the system
/etc System configuration files initialisation scripts
/home User files
/lib Library files for use with /bin and /sbin
/lost+found A tidy up directory
/media Mounted removable media
/mnt Temporarily mounted systems
/opt Large software packages
/proc Process information
/root Home directory for root user
/sbin Sys-admin executables
/srv System services
/sys Devices as seen by the kernel
/tmp A scratch directory
/usr Key software subdirectories. Stands for UNIX System Resources 
/var Various other filees including /www if a webserver is installed

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